As an economic geographer and urban planner, my research broadly focuses on the transformation of cities as a result of economic, social and cultural change. My work is organized under the following three categories: Digital Cities / Urban Innovation, Urban / Community Economic Development and Pedagogy, Experiential Learning, Urban Engagement.

Digital Cities / Urban Innovation

Tabascio, A. and Brail, S. 2022. Governance matters: Regulating ride hailing platforms in Canada’s largest city-regions. The Canadian Geographer, 66(2), 278-292. DOI:

Brail, S. 2022. World cities of ride-hailing. Urban Geography, 43(1), 12-33. DOI: 10.1080/02723638.2020.1775030.

Brail, S. 2021. Ride-hailing and Canadian Cities in The Platform Economy and the Smart City: Technology and the Transformation of Urban Policy, edited by Zwick, A. and Z. Spicer. McGill Queen’s University Press, 129-146.

Brail, S. 2020. Unicorns, Platforms and Global Cities: The Economic Geography of Ride-hailing in Urban platforms and the future city: Transformations in infrastructure, governance, knowledge and everyday life, edited by Hodson, M., Kasmire, J., McKeekin, A., Stehlin, J., and Ward, K. Routledge, 53-69.

Brail, S. and Donald, B. 2020. Digital Cities: contemporary issues in urban policy and planning in Canadian Cities in Transition, sixth edition, edited by Moos, M., Vinodrai, T. and Walker, R. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 70-86.

Brail, S. 2018. From Renegade to Regulated: The Digital Platform Economy, Ride-hailing and the Case of Toronto. Canadian Journal of Urban Research. 27(2): 51-64.

Brail, S. 2017. Promoting Innovation Locally: Municipal Regulation as Barrier or Boost. Geography Compass, 11(12), 1-12.

Mills, L. and Brail, S. 2002. Toronto’s New Media Cluster in the New Millennium in Knowledge, Clusters and Regional Innovation: Economic Development in Canada, edited by Wolfe, D. and Holbrook, JA.  Kingston: McGill Queen’s University Press, 135-159.

Brail, S. and Gertler, M. 1999.  The Digital Regional Economy: Emergence and Evolution of Toronto’s Multimedia Clusterin Multimedia and Regional Economic Restructuring, edited by Braczyk, Fuchs and Wolf. London: Routledge Press, 97-130.

Urban & Community Economic Development

Brail, S. 2022. COVID-19 and the Future of Urban Policy and Planning. Current History, 121 (838), 298-303. DOI:

Brail, S. and Kleinman, M. 2022. Impacts and Implications for the Post-Covid City: The Case of Toronto. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 1-19. DOI:

Dodman, D., Hayward, B., Pelling, M. (Coordinating Lead Authors), Castan Broto, V., Chow, W., Chu, E., Dawson, R., Khirfan, L., McPhearson, T., Prakash, A., Zheng, Y., Ziervogel, (Lead Authors), Archer, D., Bertolin, C.,  Brail, S. …Westman, L. (Contributing Authors). International Panel on Climate Change Working Group II, Sixth Assessment Report, Chapter 6: Cities, Settlements and Key Infrastructure, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, February 2022.

Li, Y., Sungur, E., Jimenez, A, and Brail, S. 2022. Covid-19, urban economic resilience and the pandemic pivot: Toronto’s restaurant scene. Regional Studies, Regional Science, 9(1), 1-4. DOI:

Brail, S., Martin, M., Munasinghe, J., Ratnayake, R. and Rudner, J. 2021. Transnational Experiences of COVID-19: Transferrable Lessons for Urban Planning between the Global South and the Global North in Global Reflections on COVID-19 Urban Inequalities, edited by Doucet, B., Filion, P. and R. van Mellik. Polity Press, 145-159.

Brail, S.  Patterns Amidst the Turmoil: COVID-19 & Cities. Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science. 2021.

Brail, S. and Vinodrai, T. 2020. The Elusive, Inclusive City: Toronto at a Crossroads in Critical Dialogues of Urban Governance, Development and Activism: London & Toronto, edited by Bunce, S. Moore, S, and Walks, A. UCL Press, 38-53.

Brail, S. and Kumar, N.  2017. Community leadership and engagement after the mix: The transformation of Toronto’s Regent Park. Urban Studies, 54(16), 3772-3788.

Brail, S., E. Mizrokhi and S. Ralston. 2017. Examining the transformation of Regent Park, Toronto: Prioritizing hard and soft infrastructure in Urban Transformations: Geographies of Renewal and Creative Change, edited by Wise, N. and Clark, J., Routledge, 177-194.

Leslie, D., Brydges, T. and Brail. S. 2015. Qualifying aesthetic values in the experience economy: the role of independent fashion boutiques in curating slow fashion in Spatial Dynamics in the Experience Economy, edited by Lorentzen, A., Schroder, L, and K.T. Larsen.  New York: Routledge, 88-102.

Leslie, D., Hunt, M. and Brail, S.  2014.  Attracting and retaining artistic talent in Toronto: Cosmopolitanism, cultural diversity and inclusion in Seeking Talent for Creative Cities: The Social Dynamics of Innovation, edited by Grant, J.  Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 59-76.

Leslie, D., Brail, S. and Hunt, M. 2014.  Crafting an antidote to Fast Fashion: The Case of Toronto’s Independent Fashion Design Sector.  Growth and Change, 45(1), 222-239.

Leslie, D. and Brail. S. 2011. The productive role of ‘quality of place’: a case study of fashion designers in Toronto.  Environment and Planning A, 43(12), 2900-2917.

Pedagogy, Experiential Learning and Urban Engagement

Brail, S. and Whalen, K. 2019. Examining the potential of experiential learning pedagogy for senior undergraduate students in Handbook of Teaching and Learning in Geography, edited by Walkington, H., Hill, J. and Dyer, S. Edward Elgar Publishing, 342-356.  

Brail, S. 2016. Quantifying the value of service learning:  comparison of grade achievement between service learning and non-service learning students. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 28:2,148-157.

Levkoe, C., Brail, S. and Daniere, A. 2014.  Engaged pedagogy and transformative learning in graduate education: a service learning case study.  Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 44:3, 68-85.

Brail, S.  2013.  Experiencing the city: Urban studies students and service learning.  Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 37:2, 241-256.  

Allahwalla A., Bunce, S., Beagrie, L., Brail, S., Hawthorne, T., Levesque, S., von Mahs, J., and Spotton Visano, B. 2013.  Building and sustaining community-university partnerships in marginalized urban areas.  Journal of Geography, 112:2, 43-57.